Prosthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with restoring and replacing teeth, usually in cases where natural teeth have been lost or damaged. All other dental professionals recognize the need for prosthodontics to restore missing teeth and provide a solution for compromised natural teeth.
Prosthodontics practitioners combine principles from all dental specialties with creative solutions and implants to offer their patients an optimal result. They may also create false or support structures attached directly, topically, or invisibly using state-of-the-art materials.
Endodontics is the branch of dentistry dealing with the root canal system and its surrounding tissues. Root canals are usually performed to remove tooth decay and infections that cannot be treated through other means.
Root canal procedures may be necessary due to large cavities near or on a tooth's root, deep cavities exposing the nerve, trauma to a tooth where the nerve is exposed, or repeated dental treatments such as filling and crowns.
Oral surgery includes procedures traditionally performed on the mouth and surrounding structures, such as bone, teeth, gums and tongue. Procedures may be classified as surgical or non-surgical, depending on their specific nature. For example, a cranial flap is a surgical procedure, while an atraumatic extraction of impacted third mandibular molar is non-surgical.These surgeries are typically performed to enhance the health and function of the mouth or jaw area by correcting malformations or treating disease.
Esthetic dentistry focuses on enhancing someone's smile with cosmetic procedures. A dental professional can determine whether or not a person needs esthetic dentistry by considering the factors that contribute to the person's overall impression of their smile. These factors include tooth color, tooth shape and alignment, gum color, and the area between teeth (the smile line). If any of these aspects involve abnormality or injury to an individual's teeth or gums, they may need esthetic dentistry.